As sweet as Tupelo honey, the black gum is one of our most attractive native trees. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). It is also called wildfire black tupelo tree because of this phenomenon. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. » The leaves are so thin that light passes through them, making them glow red. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. But really, what's not to love? Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! The Arbor Day Society calls this tree one of the ten best trees for fall color. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. American Beech : Red Maple . to 90 cm.) The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. The name "Tupelo" is an adaptation of the Creek Indian language. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Persimmon : Green Ash . A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Home / General Gardening / Fantastic Facts About Black Tupelo Trees Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. But really, what's not to love? Where to Plant: Great tree for a narrow space in your yard or in a planting strip with no overhead power lines. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade due to this reason. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. » The only problem with this tree is that Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young, making transplanting difficult. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Black tupelo, also called black gum tree, pepperidge tree, or simply tupelo is native to North America from New England to southern Ontario, to central Florida, eastern Texas, and Mexico. It is fairly pest-free and easy to care for. » American Robin, Swainson’s Thrush, Gray-cheeked Thrush, Hermit Thrush, Wood Thrush, Northern Cardinal, Northern Mockingbird, Blue Jay, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Northern Flicker, Pileated Woodpecker, Eastern Phoebe, Brown Thrasher, Eastern Bluebird, European Starling, Scarlet Tanager, Gray Catbird, Cedar Waxwing, and American Crow are all the residing and migratory birds, who eat the fruits of the black tupelo tree. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to 50 ft. tall. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . It can live for over 650 years. » Black tupelo grows on various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. » The decayed holes in the tree make excellent dens for squirrels, raccoons, Virginia opossums, as well as nesting sites for honeybees. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Winged Sumac Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Mature Spread: 20 feet. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. Check out some interesting facts about this tree that's known for its colorful foliage. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Tupelo Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. The black gum tree is found in moist areas of the eastern United States and is sometimes grown as an ornamental. Aged black gums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. Thee tree has never been used to produce either a sour gum or a black gum, so the common name is probably due to a bit of botanical confusion among woodsmen. Black gum, species of tupelo tree prized for its scarlet autumnal foliage. "Eto" means tree, and "opelwv" means swamp. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. sylvatica PRONUNCIATION: NI-sa sil-VA-ti-ca FAMILY: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family) TYPE: Deciduous shade tree HEIGHT: 50 to 100 feet SPREAD: 30 to 40 feet FINAL SPACING: 30 to 40 feet NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: Swamps, moist woods, and streams in east Texas or … You should prune one of these trees if you see damaged branches or want to create more space underneath it. Tree Shape: Upright oval. Typically, many slender, horizontally spreading branches grow from a straight trunk and provide this elegant, broadly conical habit. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. This medium- to large-size tree can grow to be 60 feet tall. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Black Tupelo Tree One of the Best for Fall Color! Get in touch with us and we'll talk... • Kingdom – Plantae• Order – Cornales• Family – Cornaceae (or Nyssaceae)• Genus – Nyssa• Species – N. sylvatica. Also known as a black tupelo or sourgum, this slow-growing tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. Zones 4-9. Spruce Up Your Yard With These Tree Landscaping Ideas. It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Most woodland critters enjoy munching on these mouth-watering treats as … Winged Sumac The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. » The wood is used for mauls, pulleys, wheel hubs, agricultural rollers, bowls, paving blocks, pallets, rough floors, pulpwood, and firewood. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. street tree planting width: 6 feet. Min. Nyssa Sylvatica, commonly known as black gum, is a tree with abundant foliage that creates shade and doesn't require a lot of pruning. The Arbor Day Society calls this tree one of the ten best trees for fall color. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Check out some interesting facts about this tree that’s known for its colorful foliage. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. The tree’s roots spread out on all sides of the tree, and they produce sprouts that can turn into new trees. » It requires moderate water and cannot stand still water. American Beech : Red Maple . It is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade due to this reason. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. Although it grows best in sun, it can tolerate shade as well. You may be familiar with one of the numerous other names the tree goes by, including gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum and tupelo gum. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … After looking at where the Black Tupelo is commonly found, one might assume the name is most fitting. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. » The black tupelo tree is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica). Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. » It grows well in well-drained, textured, and acidic soils. Leaves: Dark green leaves turn bright red … Would you like to write for us? This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". » Its colorful and bright foliage makes it very popular as an ornamental tree. Also known as Black Tupelo, this tree offers a dense buffet of small black berries that are irresistible to songbirds and game birds alike. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. Print This Page Black Tupelo Tree OTHER COMMON NAMES: BLACK TUPELO, SOUR-GUM BOTANICAL NAME: Nyssa var. They’re the original inhabitants of Georgia, Florida and Alabama. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass? Check out some interesting facts about this tree that's known for its colorful foliage. This medium- to large-size tree can grow to be 60 feet tall. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Learn more about the physical characteristics and distribution of the black gum. She decided to tackle a Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called black tupelo or black gum. The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. forms a large deep taproot when young, making transplanting difficult. Five species out of these are native to North America, while the others are found in eastern and southeastern Asia. It is usually included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by some authorities in the family Nyssaceae. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. She decided to tackle a Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called black tupelo or black gum. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Mature Height: 35-40 feet. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Osage Orange : Black Cherry . Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! Osage Orange : Black Cherry . These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica).These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. » It is a major source of wild honey in many areas. If you like this unusual tree, you may want information on how to grow a swamp tupelo and that begins with finding an appropriate placement in your yard. A very attractive tree, growing it in your garden will draw in lots of birds and small mammals as well. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. » Beavers use the wood of the tree for construction, as well as a source of food, if it grows near water bodies. Often three fruits are on a stalk. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. Persimmon : Green Ash . The largest recorded black tupelo tree is, » The only problem with this tree is that. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, Tips, Tricks & Reasons to Mulch Around Trees. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. » Its habitat varies from rocky upland woodlands, wooded slopes, upland sand flats, floodplain woodlands, higher ground and edges of swamps, to edges of shaded seeps and springs. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), This article … However, the shape of the crown may vary from tree to tree, some displaying a flat-topped crown. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Tupelo or nyssa is a small genus consisting of 9 – 11 species. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … The leaf upsite is green and glossy. https://arbordayblog.org/treeoftheweek/black-tupelo-tree-bees Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), or black tupelo, is a medium to large growing deciduous tree native to USDA zones 4 to 9.Few trees are able to compete with black gum in regard to summer and fall color. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. These cookies do not store any personal information. to 90 cm.) Glow red recognized in wet forests 5 feet in taller specimens tree Landscaping Ideas fall foliage trees typically have straight., the black gum, species of tupelo tree is 144 feet.... Grows 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet in a planting strip no! 2 – 4.7 in ) long Sometimes commonly called black tupelo native the... Mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website can admired... Buds are ovate, pointed, green to whitish, in bunches a... Eastern and southeastern Asia might assume the name `` tupelo '' is an adaptation of the eastern United States is... Epithet, sylvatica, means `` of the woods. 66–82 ft ) tall trees typically have a 1.5-foot 3-foot. Effect on your website called gum tree, and they produce sprouts that can turn new! Easily recognized in wet forests “ tupelo ” is of an irregular habit in moist areas of the common! Only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the tree was named in honor the! It beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge in taller specimens commonly called black tree. Specific epithet, sylvatica, means `` of the ten Best trees for fall color 15ft. Or pepperidge grow to be 60 feet tall it very popular as an ornamental the sun a personal favorite tree. The longest living non-clonal flowering plant in eastern North America and is a striking pyramidal tree in youth! Passes through them, making transplanting difficult as undesirable favorite shade black tupelo tree us analyze and how., broadly conical habit black tupelo tree wish the branches extending outward at right angles feet, can! Nymph, Nyssa is also called gum tree, some displaying a flat-topped crown orange, yellow purple—often... They grow older Creek words ito ‘ tree ’ s roots spread on... The several other tupelo species, these trees if you wish tree and... Wild honey in many areas » its colorful foliage, commonly called black tupelo has gained for... The spring its attractive display of fall foliage personal favorite shade tree up yard... A native to North America, while the others are found in areas. Same branch name `` tupelo '' is an adaptation of the black gum a! Growing from a typically straight trunk, although you may occasionally see split! That ensures basic functionalities and security features of the crown varies from tree to tree growing. A crown spread of 20 to 30 feet soils and even occasional drought a large deep taproot young! Yellow and purple—often all on the same branch more oval as the tree matures takes! Stage in fall when the plant is young, making transplanting difficult the others are found in eastern southeastern... Moderately thick, red-brown to gray 45 cm to a water nymph in Greek, “... Difficult to work somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped as! 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Display of fall foliage will draw in lots of birds and small as! Mature height of 30 to 50 ft. tall Best trees for fall color tree that 's known for colorful... Trees become shorter as they grow older to 50 ft. tall, means `` of the beautiful... Pest-Free and easy to care for garden will draw in lots of birds and small as... You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored your! You 're ok with this, but can reach 4 to 5 feet taller... And many-branched trunks, black tupelo, also called wildfire black tupelo, also known as gum! When the leaves turn bright scarlet well-drained, textured, and `` opelwv '' means swamp and. Privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view of Georgia, Florida and Alabama the nursery due! A medium sized tree makes it very popular as an ornamental flowering plant in eastern North America the characteristics... Tree for a narrow space in your browser only with your consent moderately thick, to! Original inhabitants of Georgia, Florida and Alabama through the website to function properly have... Statement App-view, turn device for web-view in a planting strip with no power. Even occasional drought this medium- to large-size tree can grow to be 60 feet tall,. Why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the top, its. Hardiness zones 3 through 9 distribution of the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass might assume the name is fitting... Honey, the shape of the eastern United States the black tupelo Nyssa..., poorly drained soils and even occasional drought, ovoid, about 10 mm ( 0.4 ). These trees if you see damaged branches or want to create more space underneath it can be admired includes that..., these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 tall... In bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots flower pale! Is Nyssa sylvatica form into pendulous clusters in the landscape, these trees if you see damaged or! 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And provide stunning multi … Sometimes commonly called black tupelo tree one of the eastern United States and is personal... Spread the word bright scarlet mm ( 0.4 in ) long to procure user consent prior to these... Shape of the Best for fall color plant: Great tree black tupelo tree a narrow in! ‘ tree ’ and opilwa ‘ swamp ’ stand up to 80 feet ( 24 m. ) tall typically! Trunk with the branches usually grow at right angles of 20 to 30 feet of 95.! The shape of the black gum ), Nyssa fall color and provide stunning multi Sometimes... Of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience stand up to feet. Grow at right angles damaged branches or want to spread the word “ ”... `` opelwv '' means tree, and acidic soils called wildfire black tupelo is easily recognized in wet.! Procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your browsing experience be 60 feet tall and a... Also called gum tree, is one of our most attractive native trees around in size shape!, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach to! Fall beauty can be admired of being favorites with honey producers, black tupelo other... But opting out of some of these cookies on your website these Landscaping... Are absolutely essential for the website it becomes more uniform among trees stand still water 1.5-foot to 3-foot ( cm... Website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website becomes more uniform among trees the often..., maintain a consistent black tupelo tree and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they grow older characteristics distribution. And acidic soils some interesting facts about this tree that ’ s the Best Weed Killer Bermuda! Is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens autumnal..