0000000016 00000 n 0000039769 00000 n Thank you,Lashawn. %%EOF 2002 Proceedings of the Midwest Business Economics Association 235 ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN E-COMMERCE Samia L Massoud, Prairie View A&M University, [email protected] ABSTRACT Electronic commerce (e-Commerce) is so new that legal, ethical, and other public policy issues that are necessary for e-commerce’s existence are still evolving. 0000002533 00000 n 0000056266 00000 n ^Lg�1C��29YX���A^Yc�Z���������$2�4i�� �憉�Ba�P����M�Dl.���L.#�lp�45�V��n�|D�-'2b��ȱ"�������y�_�1W��m�/s�-9���ۑ�I�/b�h[}��γg:ή��<5����}i ܗ����{��&���[��?��P&�����o����HY���U��w��2%_��Jo4�s���C�w�����c�p�In��Ǐ��*�����U�aX��/9�mQ6�a2Vk��$z2����'f9z����$jX1M���ól.�c��H�1A=�����㋎Ţf��N����w��O#շ�:�K����m���Z�:?����s������a��>������Hn�E��NE�#����G��~�P��E�2O��h�\�e6���R�D���D@��R-@���}!T^ I�"��9�OŬSs�X�`37>!�66���� ���l��DJ�p.y So, what are the issues particularly related to e-commerce? endstream endobj 839 0 obj<>/Outlines 212 0 R/Metadata 262 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 257 0 R/PageLayout/SinglePage/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 264 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20061020141239)/PageLabels 255 0 R>> endobj 840 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(Background)/Type/OCG>> endobj 841 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 842 0 obj[/ICCBased 852 0 R] endobj 843 0 obj[/Indexed 842 0 R 255 853 0 R] endobj 844 0 obj<> endobj 845 0 obj<>stream 74 0 obj <> endobj x�bb������8�f�;��1�G�c4>F�h|� � Mainly Ecommerce issues include hacking, selling consumer details to the third party, fake endstream endobj startxref h�bbd```b``V�� ��D���O �X�HoNi� H2�I��y �L�7H��X��4�&X���j�ƙ� Տ# Let’s list some of the ethical issues spawned with the growing field of e-commerce. Nupur Khandelwal. �f4 For example the monitoring of e-mails by the company is highly controversial as one group of people may agree to this and one may disagree. • Wiegand (1997): “Any form of economic activity conducted via electronic connections” • Does not have to involve the Internet and WWW • Three main components to e-commerce: – Economic activity involved – Interaction occurs electronically – The … A) ETHICAL ISSUES. x�b```b``Ue`g``Vfd@ AV65ֆF&$)G0��!�W�����C*�tW2�gPujf��`z�����p�!�Am��V���19��9����8l���5,|��� ��@������ LE. Many e-business activities also involve transactions, so customer banking or credit card information also ends up stored online. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS 30 The Internet is a boundless and unregulated medium and therefore the protection of intellectual property rights ("IPRs") is a challenge and a growing concern amongst most e-businesses. Trademark Infringement. 1.3.2: Use Web content (e.g., text, graphics, code) properly, including original content, misleading/inaccurate information, copyrighted content, licensing, avoiding infringement. ���`:����L��׶@i�""���u”v��ȦȀ����ʮ��*���^��h�~�y protection. 0 0000000813 00000 n It really help me so much. 0000004769 00000 n �;�2���zy�����6vtC�Bjr���xt1gwm��uoC��Қh�%�$� *o : i) Web tracking. Described below are some of the common legal issues an e-commerce business faces. 0000002450 00000 n 102 0 obj <>stream Advertisements. University of Rajasthan. In general, all existing laws that apply to traditional commerce apply . 862 0 obj<>stream E-Commerce Legal Issues. Legal ethical issues E commerce Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 0000044117 00000 n Course. If you are a company operated merely via a website, not being incorporated is a crucial problem. 838 25 � endstream endobj 78 0 obj <>stream H���ko�0���W���$|�'BJ�*�Z�Eڇ���(S!ɴ˯��%�2�6�����fپ߬����e}_Տ��Y�>�۾o��>4�ا����V�~n��V�ͮ�7����/���W Fkx���y�},�����̡��{���������H~��`$�}CV�;���NF�_��W8�L(�q.$L��)~eP\�Fq�q���إ�-a�[�ܑ� b���Zn��9� �w'�5�ʳ�%ae��P�ȄS�+��a���&Uv �����r�����AZ�Rc�rK����n�}ݼ��zzjv릃j�����to�odQ��(DkGUȯ˱G偤� 6�!h,! It focuses on legal protection for security transaction and intellectual property and necessity to establish new international e-commerce laws. The three legal issues I will discuss are: 1. International disputes and jurisdiction, 2. 0000001446 00000 n K���4��T��œ�a(Mf It is obvious from the foregoing that a critical analysis of legal issues, challenges and prospects of e- commerce in Nigeria has been carried out. 2. Legal and Ethical Issues in E-Commerce Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Share. endstream endobj 75 0 obj <> endobj 76 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 77 0 obj <>stream Thankz a lot. Ethics concerned with choosing the alternative among right and wrong. Anonymity, Trust, and Loyalty on the Internet. Academic year. h�T�1o� �w~ō�2�8Q�H�K�'����.R ����@�T }w��wG������9#Z��+-NfvᎃҰ�A*�WJ����2yk�( helpful 320 32. {1���s%��i�h#ŹE�dS8%Q�ޝrV!�L�rX�U�Y"%��� ����;������ Պ�Q^Di�I�;�� �g�B>x4� %%EOF h�b```"U�`A��1�&��b��\p��Rv�ß%}zC#w�� �i+N��\� ј�43�[�iƻ�$ɣI�&���ަ��S�0�ǣYg=�*q�x}XHb]���K��){u4�x�ɕ�����Ѡ�Ѡ��9���$�($����qX#�T>w�&˛}@����"1���6�x��W4��˒���P(�� �`�S����O��5#���@�� zR^ understandings that help in thinking through ethical issues. �ˊ�R��!�]��Q ?�%*o�\�;� However, it must be legal, feasible, effective and innovative. endstream endobj 80 0 obj <>stream endstream endobj 846 0 obj<> endobj 847 0 obj<> endobj 848 0 obj<> endobj 849 0 obj<> endobj 850 0 obj<> endobj 851 0 obj<>stream If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Ethical and Legal Issues in Web Development Objectives By the end of this lesson, you will be able to: 1.3.1: Define ethics, and distinguish between legal and ethical issues. %PDF-1.4 %���� 838 0 obj <> endobj Spam, and 3. Electronic commerce or e-commerce legal issues industry in India has come a long way since its early days and has been growing rapidly across the world. E-commerce has a tremendous impact on copyright and related issues, and the scope of copyrights is affecting how e-commerce evolves. M$�ǫ����c��u,�� Tk����d��)�i�dh�(�o\WÚJ�[Z�Z� ��H�Hs�w�z>����TRaao�;��h�@�1p�d�s�d1#�h�|�����T�'���[˧�����b�A6�7�/���ۥ�\I#�6I#8~n�O 6�!�%�-�ڐx�Bx#/&�$���B+�� �N���:�V��(�P�4��Z�(�4}M��Xg�7����цJHnnl4�TW�-j��߬�9�ⴂ}�� k;��*��z�ު��M��c���*��֏��]___g|�h�[��7X�J�Rc��5:�N��8�N���aq��J��IY�λv���Ļ������9O��!�'Kr�It��5����ӭDm��m�g:����\X�\�.��������{������y��s==^�@�@��������{ߎ���_�p��a���8��?��S���q�0F������FJ+��:"#��!h$t94 ��x ���a�*8.� 2���� �ISFV\�+A�p�H8ZQ�`F3j����W&&�㈡ګU ��k��UU�H��YQB$���b��^umJ���Z[[+ǩ89i6��X,�hQ!�l*�J��)[* a�LJ[�fKN�XF�j�({�l2�U:�֥3��"M�����5sk�Mu�Ns�f�oiim���ϴ��tttu�ut!\^���u�}}���ruuu���]��97����Hti?�Їa���!���?�'��_��S � �i؄�@���ˮ� Ethical Issues: Ethics is a branch of philosophy that deals with what is considered to be right or wrong and the spread of electronic commerce has created many new ethical issues. 0000040003 00000 n ]]]����-�o�^��m8>s-d�b*C[s�ɦJ��n_x����7��S��a��/ #��QS'�:ɾ�83:P�t֤QJG��š����HM������ ��N�;�N3�bZN;w���2s)a`�˥K�B�Aa��/�(s8}�X!K�R�L�Df-�å������3���N)aȁc��L�7�~�1����u�6�/��$���8���B���T����!�ghҽ'��h�=S��a�Qw@G?m��G��>5 ��/7Y/�. �+ַì�b��f����$y@���h8Q����Z~|I�F�$"f=n��6�!�m�oeq�FG�q�+��T���)h[�U}/�E?UDt��{�"_E[�2����>x�ː�ܶ7�w :���k����|`�Y�ޅ��ktZ�||r�ם4?��i�Im���g�'{^n�gk7�sn�l���ҕ�Fn��cW�!��AJ)ݡ�8�W��d8���_��"�Qׂ�(����^5Ve����������������Z��h�����G(�� U� 5e����PH/��0(�����ct�*�L,��KS\)F���OG��7u��nOOߺ�Q��>3�:����խ|���~���1���m����/�fNO �0�s^��sVK����V�pg��q�a�'׿-�..ݻ:������⽍������̝�&?4DVOo��ѐ���dz��|�������QG�DYT�H��S���Zo��p�+���v��4��a��'qJt�Jg�Li�~��1kƑby�PН�-�O)�]�/HۄQt��Hڎֵe,���jR�$}�d�%��04�Atgv����~Ρ��>��p�s�����b��B�}�\.3GQΕ2(�%�4+�em������aJ]�& �z�a� ViK=_BPPy�J��c�`ǧ �7�y�8��v��Q�Ǵ� �>`�������2��OO����3��C�{=���Y.���C�@_���2z�����_�%�6���R���1��ʒ_��? Legal issues. +j�_xLN�|a�h��`2��/�YL@z>�/�&w�'�m���eX�F}ͪF��#+�=O���c�a���]�w9�O�!��X�%�w�>t�{�`��zG皫�smm���������ݥ^���������K���W>^��?B?.�Q��_?%�~�1KN.��� ���c�G�z�v0@�`((��}�ߨz��!��on�߈���$,?.7 1-mδ%���x��EtahՍ�r�_&G��I[[�0��5b��a`l��m4��h��2�X5��R��H�+�7�B?/a'��E��w�#��*Y��?UD�KE���h��[����VWﵡ�w���~�M2���E�{���{�g�C�O�#e�e�,�q�{�zQ6�J1������_|�!�}��g���k�:x�����Y�|������}�)�� 2016/2017. The industry has matured and has seen the entry of many new players in the market. startxref (����$�B`.��&��� ��b�TM*@���#�H�� XD�����Cc[��+�Y�w���q�Z0�!��;㥝9�"�X�D4B�_0:05�:p��a�a�` r��0�1D0l`�����A�����F �����Q$�U�j����Y�L�`�?8:fi6�����v^�p߫7�(bg�8R�D� �:�� 0000004412 00000 n h޼W[O�:�+~q �_��*qYQ�p��Y :��� m����NҴ\J�V���x�3c3N�%�XG�"��$q�(��D ��F&-'Nf�j�9� �J�,�^���%��b�eDr�ɷoI�''�C�RT����:��%��8\z@yr��f����٠J�,�y|��� |x���IN��2�*����8��g��SE(h�}�hrZ��s"��rR�z��!E>#L(��F~�4}΋��]>y�w7/2N���q�>g��Տ�˫�F���YV�?%W��9-�U��/�>j�D�g��*g>�^:ϐ�n c^�A�?y(A�z6�f0��C�y��Mn��|^�;G��W��^��"{�������my�?�L�I������_(���W���* xref 0000039148 00000 n Legal, Ethical, and Professional Issues in Information Security In civilized life, law floats in a sea of ethics. �1���h,�-Es�.�*a�A����݆������c��� One of the interesting and, of course, new topics in the field of information technology science is computer ethics or IT ethics. (�D���a2�X=����Ȉ2�����%��R��S���q!��1m�Ə�4�tQ�y����^ }�;~�uzR|��I���8GM�������N#��n��qG�l{��#���ms7�R����;o�������ZZ\���E�� �I.%)��rڜ(��^v+�T�;mv�B?�lw�.�(��^�)�%%���y�[� ���Dҋ��rR�X�S���Hd�=Dͯ�p�Q�K �ȑ#�(M1T;�G������Ѥ���Y��Ꮊ|�m>T80�֔i I personally believe this posting , “E-Commerce Ethical and Legal Issues”, fairly engaging and also the blog post was a wonderful read. The report begins with introduction to the Ecommerce. surbhi says: December 23, 2011 at 11:15 pm gud notes.. Eyaz says: July 24, 2011 at 3:59 pm really a useful one. Incorporation Problem. H��UK��6��W�Q.lY�m�^�٠H����a7dI��ʢ@R����R�yܒ`��������`���15&X�yL��S�E�=��s�,�l�� �E�1�i���a� B�Cs�n�M��Ηf�u�q�� �:�N�6�!���v��G�2`$���n>"�'��f�X�t\E��,>�� �|����ދ/����*�J��D�k�h�tb$8����d�sa���2�S{���$� ��u� ��T�+h��̠K[��� p�9�:�Θ(�R`�6�Ь����!6)rF������Ä Rs6�TzD�vf�Х �b�ű�E��"�,��.�Xl*qI�hI1@��:��� L%��X�Ч��y\���B��e6� In the Information Age, technology evolves fast and data travels even faster. <]>> As indicated by Emens, trust is a central element of … &���鋎G{��5^j � Ij|4G?g�1��•o��(���Cl#���yQ̋�ak,-�z����M}����r�LS&o�d$�73�� ���������=sk�ȗ���Ӯɾ �韻��]�?M�iO0��`hO3�$�C�%;��d E-Commerce: What is it? It has helped me alot. �Im����5����� ��nf�+~f5el�d�{���i_YY�鷶utvv�o[n�&2��T�;�iy��u�� z���x���7o޼�^x�y���G��E�0�W�M�%�! It can be difficult for the law to keep up with new technologies and inventive ways to conduct e-business. Chrisever• 1 year ago. The Environment of Electronic Commerce: Legal, Ethical, and Tax Issues. In general, many ethical and global issues of Information Technology apply to e-business. Comments. 0000003702 00000 n A�� �O�e������&�o)ȵmӑf��P�&���yu��� �WQ;��^�Q�i���%���)�#WO�!7P;���'F�1��eDh� �('���(%7"��DSݐ��v$%�Hb��>� �0�8��AHI� �ȑat ��p��`qGщ�! E-commerce refers to a wide range of online … 0000001950 00000 n E-commerce-notes-pdf-lecture-notes-university-level. H����[Z�ǟ��F�3� \TPֈ@��m�_bė �y���\��F I@����"�1���K����l]�u�^������j�۳=�����sy>����C&�:�y��� 0000003862 00000 n 0000002610 00000 n 0000056620 00000 n �_�ŕoڪ��>���b����Ot�|h�?Af_K�'�ԯ��F�#�v�(�� =�8tT=�A���7����7p�?5�O=�zN�ML��� ��Ϩsŧ6��_]͘�@~����6��i�|W�u:�������w�y��[Y���������n|�3y����f����.���tB�2/�r�d/��.#���v��f���eg�� iK��N�}��pe#n�H�'%�^7�\�z'�7��W�8;B��,�����BB��������,T�'F��ܞ��h�CJ��� ��2�VWW�}�������:�v����N�:��[��e}���v�Z�t� 'tqj���[�۷���3D������Hvuu��p�"���+����}�F��oLdR�TsK˧�l���˷��[M-�?P�۵��O�����'�^]�v�H��_����:f8����a����6���)�Mk׻�M������,����]�eI�|/��[)�(���#��a� �׼�=�*34V���C���h��>&�8�}��� �F���}����h6��9�A(#&��x�I-��G�B���p���>�D��р��|���lA���)�����ߋ It can also be used in conjunction with a more theoretical book, Ethics in the First Person: A Guide to Teaching and Learning Practical Ethics (Rowman & Littlefield, 2007) that I wrote. Moreover, the choice-of-law conflict creates deficits in legal applications and the availability of security procedures for e-consumers. to business conducted via the Internet. %PDF-1.6 %���� :7�s̛w�큐n�K�=o����1�o�1ݧ͖6W��_ʅ��doCY����e([�2�X0�Ep]$�����tB��1T�"뀙����^��������- 0 University. Internet businesses have a legal obligation to protect the private information of their customers. Legally, it is up to the e … �RY�(�n�J�xM~HU����*W��P+TdT�U�j5�*�A�J�V�ɢR�0��J�!����P>\%���o*U EU laws are significantly lacking when it comes to protection of online consumers across borders. 0000036478 00000 n trailer �d��J/�x%�C�U��O�����V��j�5eee! This may have impact on consideration of ethical and legal aspects. Because of this, the law often lags behind, and lawmakers end up drafting laws to clean up Internet messes instead of preventing them. �F>� :8�+ب����렜�z�����$�-�>ƈcVƾ�����葠m<6�*����F_�ot��~*?��}sq� j����Wq�1�%mR�o���]�O\!|���tg��L���Ցw>y$��D�$�U��gY-]Eo�����7��!�ѻ�8n#uH� ������6�C�2����Ǻ��Z��R���^�A�M � ��7�Jp3�:8M;Ș��m��N`�x,��spX�^L8�od��b�D��Q'�A-C�[c]�tâ�Y�-����N�Ȫ�E6�Y�J>�3�Q�����5����m;�D��1l�$�Dcf ;��=�"�D����|��b��f鬮$��]3Hs�[�=מ0�W�U4g��DUL!&�&�U2������1��;�p�Ru���N���hI~�?��F��������ӂz���noKT{���!�e#;� ��|ن�{�w�.�̺8ݬq�,�4�‡!�I�K��$��J�ߐ��+Ge�;�l\?5H ���8��*� �k,���K����C�پXc�Ƶ#�F�ł�` Is the Internet a form of “public speech”? E-Commerce (CS101) Uploaded by. ��r�� Thanks. 0000002486 00000 n endstream endobj 79 0 obj <>stream 0000001639 00000 n Legal and Ethical Issues of E-Commerce. 0000056009 00000 n 0000003338 00000 n technological fields will always have ethical issues and limitations. In order to manage ethical issues in e-commerce, managers have to help the company to design an effective strategy and long-term management procedure as well as security policies and training. Different companies and differ-ent fields of e-commerce have different security problems, thus, different strate-gies. India is considered as a profitable market for these e-commerce businesses. endstream endobj 861 0 obj<>/Size 838/Type/XRef>>stream If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. This paper will identify and describe three legal issues of e-commerce and three ethical issues of e-commerce. � Understanding Ethical, Social, And Political Issues in E-Commerce Internet and its use in e-commerce … �=%�w��n��,���6i�0�f3= F���-�>q�sǓ`��O����m�VLج�{���XvvS���������-�4������E��N���s�>��$��:��^��fE�m�{�M���� Please sign in or register to post comments. The world is used to conducting business and commerce on signed paper documents.Two millennia of commerce has been based on the written document with its value ‘authorized’ by the signature of a duly authorized officer.The current legal practice has paper documents and signatures affixed thereon as its foundation. LEGAL ISSUES IN CONTRACTS IN E-COMMERCE. 0000043859 00000 n If one choose right from wrong it called as ethics whereas wrong deals with unethical. Electronic commerce J. Ohene-Djan CO3323 2008 Undergraduate study in Computing and related programmes This is an extract from a subject guide for an undergraduate course offered as part of the This workbook can be used alone to stimulate the moral imagination and provoke interesting discussions. It is essential that legal rules are set and applied appropriately to ensure that digital technology does not undermine the basic doctrine of copyright and related rights. EARL WARREN, CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE UNITED STATES, 12 NOVEMBER 1962 Henry Magruder made a mistake—he left a CD at the coffee station. The lack of relevant laws creates opportunities for unethical behaviors and fails to protect people’s interests effectively. hޜz @G������c�c�feT@QF�XoE0����A��fc. )�.����p��3������S2J[�%����|*���B�L�`�-��NFPy\��J��/�!�4� This research attempted to find out the ethical, legal, professional and social issues in Ecommerce. E-commerce activity often involves collecting secure data such as names and phone numbers associated with email addresses. Ethical Issues in E-Marketing Ethics usually concerned with values and practices followed by professionals and/or other person who is expert in the knowledge. The study of computer ethics has long been considered by the researchers. �$|����шTh���|4,�M�d��� ���n���6�^~Z �+MF��t[$�K����$���l&��:�&S�E�����ɸ�$���������|���K���L����sh �b����� ����G�gw����X���oK���V������k��Һ�J�����ω�]���x}ٍ�~ �h���x������?�P@ The Legal Environment of Electronic Commerce. 87 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<932DF7FAA262A544B830DFDE82EFBF69>]/Index[74 29]/Info 73 0 R/Length 82/Prev 308007/Root 75 0 R/Size 103/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream ��n�z��aE8�* ���;;��(F�%%�%�pXV*�Nx�>����T0�).�h��vZm�F�~(�W���a�Z��"��������m�~����G��4o@6����扻��>���u\�X��L�7ͱx�$�S�,�7�3�}�-~ss�C����A��xd6�؂㛚SB������x��n����|β�����ڛ��W�z��&'/| ���LV�^7���XH�s��ut�27;�)=��R(#����Ȯ$�z�ݕ̺�^\���y�'��޽�do2��dr>9�Zb���3��VK����%|t~�ߑ����ڻ1W������4�F�����٧G�TG��jeȏRs��Y Ethical Issues in E-Commerce on the Basis of Online Retailing _O��w�ݫ�PyE�*�J��K�g��z�;������G�0��b��D}�F����zp�Z�T_YY��F�p��#�3���k�9���k��_�gh_!��S���}����~��� �9�_���S�v�0v��[��o�ρ�:}���.ѿu�=�X��l1��������?^{����z�5���C�����&����nGO�aF˥/1��y��cZ��؞�yI6�̰�8��鮤���̺\�xI�D��]���{����>��*� �UT ��q�f2��BME�^ ;�����cC��8�p��t��h��.��\Ee�M!��x��Msõ�y?þO�"�^�ҫT#zz�a�Ou�y&wC��n�z�o�g���7�b���H�@�ES#��}e���䱶���e2&���A��&L&��v3ͭs.��6�s���]�絶�f���}�!+�=�M~}�wP��e/I�mK���̖H'���ʿ%I��� xNٙUz�d:%���J.ǻz&���� 3�W��#��rM�60@]�_B菪>B�n(�����+.¢�BB�WQ�^U�� Lutendo• 9 months ago. 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E-COMMERCE ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES ARE Explain Blow. �}E�@��hT3L:�H�j����&&̵5�j}6͈�����F�b E"��J�S��d- ���r�ab���8:n6������f�Mq*�M��N%NM�Y6z3��h�6O�����y�C�Xp�I�� v2(��33��O����;(y�j�w�F\�-�'�ݰ;- ���߸�w�������,��2>�������yWv?4B�M���][zI���^���p�:�\1�Q>�����) The ethical, social, and political issues raised in e-commerce, provide a framework for organizing the issues, and make recommendations for managers who are given the responsibility of operating e-commerce companies within commonly accepted standards of appropriateness. ;��L�x���url�!��ƍ��#-�K������`����M9��4���f$��:��QZh��^s�'g�P��g�p�F�Y?��_����s���i�u�b��E �+�fT�W���;99k���) �1MUpҢ��F��_p�v�9eh���I��G� g�W#�� ��oL�ѕR#�`��%tFC���{1�y��_ S�^n How can the different national perspectives on free speech be managed in a global environment like the Internet? 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